Basic knowledge of Folic Acid (Vitamin B9)

Kiến thức cơ bản về Acid Folic (Vitamin B9)


Men: 200mcg – Women: 200mcg

This is also a vitamin of group B, also known as folacin or folic acid, abbreviated as Fol. The body cannot make folate on its own. This vitamin can only be obtained from food or folate supplements.

Folate plays an essential role in the formation of DNA and RNA. It is also important for growth and development, as well as for the production of new cells. Folate works with vitamin B12 to make hemoglobin and helps convert the amino acid homocysteine ​​into methionine.

Adequate folate intake before and during pregnancy reduces the risk of neural tube defects (such as spina bifida in infants). If you are planning to have a baby or are in the first trimester of pregnancy, you should get about 400mcg of folate per day.

Kiến thức cơ bản về Acid Folic (Vitamin B9)


Each 85-200g of the following foods contains at least 30mcg of folate.

* American Corn • Asparagus • Cabbage • Broccoli • Okra

* Fresh green vegetables • Peas • Orange

* Animal liver • Black beans • White beans • Eggs

Today, folate deficiency is quite common because many people eat a diet high in fat and processed foods, and eat less vegetables and fruits. Folate deficiency often occurs in people with intestinal disorders such as Crohn’s disease. With this disease, the patient cannot absorb folate and some other vitamins.

Folate deficiency in the elderly can be attributed to a poor diet and the progression of the aging process. In addition, the elderly also produce less stomach acid, which is essential for the absorption of folate. Certain drugs and alcohol can affect the body’s ability to absorb folate.

Folate deficiency also causes megaloblastic anemia with symptoms such as: fatigue, shortness of breath during moderate exercise and pale skin. Other symptoms include: diarrhea, weight loss, sore mouth, heartburn. Folate deficiency can also lead to high levels of homocysteine, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.